Peroj – Peroi:”In 1657 the Venetian Doge Giovanni Pesaro decided to accept 13 families of immigrants from Montenegro”
In 14th century a noble family from Pula Jonatasi owned properties in Peroj. In the same period part of the feudal rights belonged to family Castropola from Pula that was in a competitive relationship with the other family.
In 1562 several families from the northern Italy came in Peroj but soon after this families returned to Italy. From 1578 and 1583 several Greek families and families from Cyprus established in Peroj but over time most of them left the territory due to frequent plagues.
After the plague form 1644 only three people remained in the village and in 1657 the Venetian Doge Giovanni Pesaro decided to accept 13 families of immigrants from Montenegro. Ten families came with their leader Miso Braikovic and other three families with the Priest Ljubotina. This families practiced the Orthodox religion and their church at the beginning was the Church of St. Nicholas of the Greeks in Pula.
At the time their Bishop was in Zadar and their Patriarch in Constantinople. According to various sources Montenegrin population never abused of the hospitality they received in Istria and over centuries they respected the traditions of other Istrian populations and this tradition continues today.
After the fall of Venice in 1797, Peroj was part of the Austrian Empire and for a short period of time was under Napoleon domination. After the First World War and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Peroj, was part of Italy. After the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Peroj became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Peroj is today part of Croatia.
Hopefully one day Peroj will be also part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.