Istrian towns and villages

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Smrikve Pula Premantura
Brijuni Vodnjan Medulin
Fazana Galizana Vizace
Peroj Svetvincenat Marcana
Bale Kanfanar Mutvoran
Monkodonja Dvigrad Krnica
Rovinj Zminj Rakalj
Lim Bay Sv. Petar u Sumi Barban
Klostar Tinjan Rasa
Gradina Beram Labin
Vrsar Trviz Rabac
Funtana Gracisce Sv. Martin
Sv. Lovrec Pazin Sumber
Sv. Ivan Lindar Pican
Porec Kascerga Krsan
Mali Sv. Andjelo Zamask Klostar
Baredine Cave Motovun Kozljak
Tar Oprtalj Gologorica
Visnjan Zrenj Paz
Vizinada Zavrsje Belaj
Novigrad Grimalda Boljun
Karpinjan Draguc Lupoglav
Dajla Racice Raspor
Brtonigla Sovinjak Slum
Seget Vrh Ucka
Umag Hum Plomin
Savudrija Roc Brsec
Groznjan Buzet Moscenice
Buje Kostel Lovran
Momjan Salez Opatija
Istra Veprinac

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Monkodonja – Moncodogno: “Prehistoric hillfort settlment”

Monkodonja is located near to the main road that goes from Bale to Rovinj, about 5 kilometres eastwards of Rovinj. If you arrive from Bale direction stop and park the car in Kokuletovica village and take a walk of about a kilometre of the unpaved road leading northwards. Monkodonja is an example of prehistoric hillfort settlment architecture.

  • located 29 kilometres from Smrikve
  • it is the finest example in Istria of the architecture and urbanisation of a prehistoric hillfort settlement
  • not to be missed: the visit of the prehistoric hillfort settlement following the description boards located on the site and the view from this old settlement


Monkodonja is located on the right side of the road, towards north, on 81 meters high hilltop.  

There are some estimates that in Croatian part of Istria there were about over 350 prehistoric hill fort settlements.

The search I made was focused on almost 90 towns and villages and a very high percentage of the towns and villages I described in Istria from Smrikve are inhabited since prehistoric times.

A long research was made in Mokodonja to allow the visitors to visit this hill fort settlement. Monkodonja is an example of a typical Istrian prehistoric hill fort settlement  architecture.

Monkodonja was discovered in 1953 by Mr. Bacic and Mr. Marusic from the Archaeological Museum of Istria and in that year the first excavations started. In 1997 the extensive excavations continued and also the partial reconstruction of the architecture started.

The cross border team was set up between the Institute for Prehistory of the Freie Universitaet Berlin, the Archaeological Museum of Istria from Pula and the Heritage Museum of the Town of Rovinj. They all worked together on this project for a decade.

In 2002 the project was awarded by Prix Europa Nostra Award for both: the results of the excavations and the presentation of the site.

Monkodonja was inhabited in the period between 2000 and 1200 BC and it underwent numerous reconstruction phases.

The settlement is surrounded by massive drywall and as most others Istrian hill fort settlements is placed on a flattened peak of the hilltop.

What is particular for the settlement that you will note is that it has two rings of walls.

The main walls that surround all the settlement form a bigger ring and there is also a smaller ring of walls formed by another drywall that probably delimitated the Acropolis.

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