Hum – Colmo: “After 1523 it was under Captain of Raspor command”
Only fragments are preserved and on the edges there are about 40 glagolitic graffiti, imprinted by a Croatian priest back in the 12th century.
HUM – HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
Like most of the Istrian towns and villages also Hum was inhabited in prehistoric times and was a Roman settlement that later on followed the complicated and changing path of being dominated by different rulers. In the Middle Ages, in 1102, it became part of the Aquileia Patriarchs dominions. In 1412 Hum was occupied by Venetians and after 1420 became part of the Pazin County. In 1511, during the war with Austria, Hum was again occupied by Venetians and after 1523 became part of the Venetian Republic.
After 1523, Hum was, like Roc, Vrh, Draguc and Sovinjak, a castle under Buzet’s Venetian Captain of Raspor rule.
After the fall of Venice, Hum was under short Napoleon’s rule, than a century of the Austrian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy rule. Later on, between the two World Wars, Hum was for a short period of time part of Italy. After the Second World War it became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Hum became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Hum is today part of Croatia. In 2013 Hum became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.