Veprinac – Apriano: “Old Romans Veprinacium”
Kandler, an Istrian historiographer, also assumed that Veprinac could have been Eberstein during the Middle Ages.
As far as the origin of the name is concerned, one idea is that the origin comes from the word “vepar” that in Croatian means wild boar. Also the meaning of “aper” is wild boar. The second idea is that it could come from the latin word “vepretum” or “vepris” meaning thicket of thorn-bushes. The third idea that it comes from the plant named “leprin” or “veprin” that should mean ‘bitter’ in English. They all sound good when you do not know the exact origin.
Veprinac changed many rulers and many families and authorities in its long history. Some of the ruling families were known in other parts of Istria while the others are less known.
The main include: the Aquileia Patriarchs (1028), Counts of Duino (1139), Walsee family (1399), Hapsburg family (1466), Venetians (they conquered Veprinac in 1508 only for one year), Barbo family (1560), De Schranz (1583), Wagensberg (1609), Thonhausen (1613).
After the 1616 war with Uskoci, the Venetians occupied Veprinac again for another two years. In 1630 Thonhausen family gave Veprinac to the Jesuit order from Rijeka. In 1773, the order of Jesuit was dissolved by the Hapsburg family, who than sold Veprinac to John De Thierry from France. In 1843 Veprinac was sold to George Vranyczany. Most Istrian towns have a very long history and heritage.
Some sources also indicate that Veprinac had a glagolitic town statute written in 1444 or in 1507 that later on, in 1629, Giorgio Barbo reformed in Italian. There was a time when this small village was a municipality and several other villages where under its administration.
Veprinac was for many centuries Austrian dominion. Between the two World Wars it was part of Italy. After the Second World War it became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement.
The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Veprinac became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975.
In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Veprinac is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Veprinac became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.