Gradina – Geroldia: “Villa Giroldi”
At the beginning of the 17th century Gradina was part of the Venetian dominions in Istria and Venice gave this feud in 1627 to the Noble family Capello. Later on the feud passed to the family Morosini and than was bough by Counts Califfi from Rovinj. This family was the owner of Gradina until the mid of the 19th century.
With the fall of Venice, Gradina became a part of the Austrian Empire and for a short period of time was also under Napoleon domination. As it is written above Gradina was the property of the family Califfi and is known that even though the feudal rights were abolished by the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1848 the family Califfi continued to receive the feudal rights from Gradina until 1869.
After the First World War and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Gradina, was part of Italy and after the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Gradina became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Gradina is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Gradina became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.