Savudrija – Salvore: “Silboris, Silbonis, Silbio, Silvium, Silvo, Salbera, Salvore and Savudrija”
Roman settlement Siparis was located to the south of Savudrija and another Roman settlement Silvo was located in todays Savudrija. North of Savudrija there was another Roman settlement named Silbo. There were also several prehistoric settlement near Savudrija.
The ruins of the Roman pier, Venetian tower, a multi naved storage place and a number of smaller rooms have been preserved but in the 9th century during a pirates attacks this old settlement was destroyed.
From the 13th century Savudrija was part of Venetian dominions in Istria until its fall in 1797. Later on was part of Austria and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with a short period of Napoleon domination.
After the First World War was part of Italy and after the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Savudrija became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Savudrija is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Savudrija became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.
Savudrija region is also known for some top quality wine and olive oil producers of Istria. In Basanija Moreno Degrassi produces one of the best Istrian wines.