Tar – Torre: “Istrian olive oil in the old Roman settlement Turris nova”
Later on it was a Roman settlement named Turris nova. The first written notice about Tar dates back into 983 when Emperor Ottone II confirmed to Porec‘s Bishop the donation from 929 made by Ugo of Provence, King of Italy. In that document Tar was named as Turrim.
In the 13th and 14th century like most other Istrian villages have changed several rulers because Porec Bishops gave it to different feudal Lords like: Elsabetta de Pisino, wife of the Lord of Krsan Enrico de Pisino (1282), Marco Bulgaro (1293), Enrico de Pisino (1305), Alberto IV (1368), Hapsburg family (1374).
It is interesting that in the 15th century even though Tar was part of the Austrian dominions half of the feudal rights were due to Porec Bishops that were part of the Venice dominions in Istria.
In 1508 Tar was occupied by Venetians and became a part of the Venice Republic under Novigrad administration.
With the fall of Venice, Tar became a part of the Austrian Empire and for a short period of time was under Napoleon domination. After the First World War and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Tar, was part of Italy and after the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Tar became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Tar is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Tar became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.
In Tar’s photo gallery you will find few pictures of the Countess’ building mentioned in the text above.