Beram – Vermo: “Real gem of Medieval fresco painting“
Later on Beram was part of the County of Pazin and at the end of the 15th century the castle was named Verm and in German was named Berm. The actual name derived from that last word.
In 1344 Beram was involved in the war between Venice and Alberto IV, the Lord of the the County of Pazin. Alberto IV had the obligation to demolish the town walls but from the later documents is known that his has not happened.
In 1374, after his death, Beram, together with the County of Pazin, was transferred to the Austrian family Hapsburg.
In 1508 Beram was involved again in the war between Venice and Austria and was occupied for a year by Venetians. It is known that in 1511 Beram was attacked and successfully defended from a group of Turks. In that century many Slavs immigrants came in Beram.
In 1616 Beram was again involved in the war between Austria and Venice, Uskoci war, and was for another time occupied by Venetians. After the war was returned to Austria.
Beram was part of the Austrian dominions in Istria for several centuries and in the 19th century was part of the Austro-Hunagrian Monarchy. Like most other Istrian towns and villages also Beram was for a short period of time under Napoleon domination.
After the First World War and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Beram, was part of Italy and after the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Beram became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Beram is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Beram became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.
BERAM - VERMO: recommended video by ISTRIA from SMRIKVE - Fresco painting made by Vincent from Kastav